By: Rose A
Australia, Grade: 5
In 1851, Edward Hargraves discovered a 'grain of gold' in a waterhole near Bathurst.
Hargraves was convinced that the similarity in geological features between Australia and the California goldfields (from where he had just returned) boded well for the search of gold in his homeland. He was proved correct. He named the place 'Ophir', reported his discovery to the authorities, and was appointed a 'Commissioner of Land'. He received a reward of £10,000, plus a life pension.
The discovery marked the beginning of the Australian gold rushes and a radical change in the economic and social fabric of the nation.
Afer a 3 to 4 years time a Eureka Stockade was formed. why I'll tell you.
Between 1851 and 1854 tension was building on the goldfields. Clashes between the miners and the authorities became more frequent with significant discontent brewing over the injustice of the goldfield licensing system and police corruption.
At Ballarat, the tension was rising quickly. The Ballarat Reform League was set up under the leadership of an Irish engineer, Peter Lalor. His fellow rebels were a passionate and colourful bunch, including a Prussian republican, Fredrick Vern; the Italian redshirt, Raffaelo Carboni; and the Scottish Chartist, Tom Kennedy.
In December 1854, 1000 men gathered at Eureka, on the outskirts of Ballarat and unfurled their flag, a white cross and stars on a blue field, to proclaim their oath:
We swear by the Southern Cross to stand truly by each other, and fight to defend our rights and liberties.
GOLD IS STILL DISCOVERED IN NEW SOUTH WALES TODAY!!!!!!!!!!!!!