lived the life of a princess with her family in Mexico, thinking
of the future only when she dreamed about her big Quinceañeras
party to be held in two years, when she would turn 15. But when
tragedy entered their lives, Esperanza and her mother flee from
Mexico to California and become farm workers. Esperanza isn't ready
for the hard work, the financial struggle, or the lack of acceptance
she must face, but perhaps the biggest challenge is something Esperanza
has never had to face before: an uncertain future.
Experience the beginning of the powerful and poetic book Esperanza
Rising by Pam Muñoz Ryan:
Aquel que hoy se cae, se levantará mañana.
He who falls today may rise tomorrow.
Es más rico el rico cuando empobrece que el pobre cuando
The rich person is richer when he becomes poor, than the poor
person when he becomes rich.
"Our land is alive, Esperanza," said Papa, taking her small
hand as they walked through the gentle slopes of the vineyard. Leafy
green vines draped the arbors and the grapes were ready to drop.
Esperanza was six years old and loved to walk with her papa through
the winding rows, gazing up at him and watching his eyes dance with
love for the land.
"This whole valley breathes and lives," he said, sweeping his arm
toward the distant mountains that guarded them. "It gives us the
grapes and then they welcome us." He gently touched a wild tendril
that reached into the row, as if it had been waiting to shake his
hand. He picked up a handful of earth and studied it. "Did you know
that when you lie down on the land, you can feel it breathe? That
you can feel its heart beating?"
"Papi, I want to feel it," she said.
"Come." They walked to the end of the row, where the incline of
the land formed a grassy swell.
Papa lay down on his stomach and looked up at her, patting the
ground next to him.
Esperanza smoothed her dress and knelt down. Then, like a caterpillar,
she slowly inched flat next to him, their faces looking at each
other. The warm sun pressed on one of Esperanza's cheeks and the
warm earth on the other.
"Shhh," he said. "You can only feel the earth's heartbeat when
you are still and quiet."
She swallowed her laughter and after a moment said, "I can't hear
"Aguántate tantito y la fruta caerá en tu mano,"
he said. "Wait a little while and the fruit will fall into your
hand. You must be patient, Esperanza."
She waited and lay silent, watching Papa's eyes.
And then she felt it. Softly at first. A gentle thumping. Then
stronger. A resounding thud, thud, thud against her body.
She could hear it, too. The beat rushing in her ears. Shoomp,
She stared at Papa, not wanting to say a word. Not wanting to lose
the sound. Not wanting to forget the feel of the heart of the valley.
She pressed closer to the ground, until her body was breathing with
the earth's. And with Papa's. The three hearts beating together.
She smiled at Papa, not needing to talk, her eyes saying everything.
And his smile answered hers. Telling her that he knew she had felt
Six Years Later
Papa handed Esperanza the knife. The short blade was curved like
a scythe, its fat wooden handle fitting snugly in her palm. This
job was usually reserved for the eldest son of a wealthy rancher,
but since Esperanza was an only child and Papa's pride and glory,
she was always given the honor. Last night she had watched Papa
sharpen the knife back and forth across a stone, so she knew the
tool was edged like a razor.
"Cuidate los dedos," said Papa. "Watch your fingers."
The August sun promised a dry afternoon in Aguascalientes, Mexico.
Everyone who lived and worked on El Rancho de las Rosas was gathered
at the edge of the field: Esperanza's family, the house servants
in their long white aprons, the vaqueros already sitting
on their horses ready to ride out to the cattle, and fifty or sixty
campesinos, straw hats in their hands, holding their own
knives ready. They were covered top to bottom, in long sleeved shirts,
baggy pants tied at the ankles with string, and bandanas wrapped
around their foreheads and necks to protect them from the sun, dust,
and spiders. Esperanza, on the other hand, wore a light silk dress
that stopped above her summer boots, and no hat. On top of her head
a wide satin ribbon was tied in a big bow, the tails trailing in
her long black hair.
The clusters were heavy on the vine and ready to deliver. Esperanza's
parents, Ramona and Sixto Ortega, stood nearby, Mama, tall and elegant,
her hair in the usual braided wreath that crowned her head, and
Papa, barely taller than Mama, his graying mustache twisted up at
the sides. He swept his hand toward the grapevines, signaling Esperanza.
When she walked toward the arbors and glanced back at her parents,
they both smiled and nodded, encouraging her forward. When she reached
the vines, she separated the leaves and carefully grasped a thick
stem. She put the knife to it, and with a quick swipe, the heavy
cluster of grapes dropped into her waiting hand. Esperanza walked
back to Papa and handed him the fruit. Papa kissed it and held it
up for all to see.
"¡La cosecha!" said Papa. "Harvest!"
"¡Ole! ¡Ole!" A cheer echoed around them.
The campesinos, the field-workers, spread out over the land
and began the task of reaping the fields. Esperanza stood between
Mama and Papa with her arms linked to theirs, and admired the activity
of the workers.
"Papi, this is my favorite time of year," she said, watching the
brightly colored shirts of the workers slowly moving among the arbors.
Wagons rattled back and forth from the fields to the big barns where
the grapes would be stored until they went to the winery.
"Is the reason because when the picking is done, it will be someone's
birthday and time for a big fiesta?" Papa asked.
Esperanza smiled. When the grapes delivered their harvest, she
always turned another year. This year, she would be thirteen. The
picking would take three weeks and then, like every other year,
Mama and Papa would host a fiesta for the harvest. And for
Marisol Rodríguez, her best friend, would come with her
family to celebrate. Her father was a fruit rancher and they lived
on the neighboring property. Even though their houses were acres
apart, they met every Saturday beneath the holm oak on a rise between
the two ranches. Her other friends, Chita and Bertina, would be
at the party, too, but they lived farther away and Esperanza didn't
see them as often. Their classes at St. Francis didn't start again
until after the harvest and she couldn't wait to see them. When
they were all together, they talked about one thing: their Quinceañeras,
the presentation parties they would have when they turned fifteen.
They still had two more years to wait, but so much to discuss —
the beautiful white gowns they would wear, the big celebrations
where they would be presented, and the sons of the richest families
who would dance with them. After their Quinceañeras,
they would be old enough to be courted, marry, and become las
patronas, the heads of their households, rising to the positions
of their mothers before them. Esperanza preferred to think, though,
that she and her someday-husband would live with Mama and Papa forever.
Because she couldn't imagine living anywhere other than El Rancho
de las Rosas. Or with any fewer servants. Or without being surrounded
by the people who adored her.
It had taken every day of three weeks to put the harvest to bed
and now everyone anticipated the celebration. Esperanza remembered
Mama's instructions as she gathered roses from Papa's garden.
"Tomorrow, bouquets of roses and baskets of grapes on every table."
Papa had promised to meet her in the garden and he never disappointed
her. She bent over to pick a red bloom, fully opened, and pricked
her finger on a vicious thorn. Big pearls of blood pulsed from the
tip of her thumb and she automatically thought, "bad luck." She
quickly wrapped her hand in the corner of her apron and dismissed
the premonition. Then she cautiously clipped the blown rose that
had wounded her. Looking toward the horizon, she saw the last of
the sun disappear behind the Sierra Madre. Darkness would settle
quickly and a feeling of uneasiness and worry nagged at her.
Where was Papa? He had left early that morning with the vaqueros
to work the cattle. And he was always home before sundown, dusty
from the mesquite grasslands and stamping his feet on the patio
to get rid of the crusty dirt on his boots. Sometimes he even brought
beef jerky that the cattlemen had made, but Esperanza always had
to find it first, searching his shirt pockets while he hugged her.
Tomorrow was her birthday and she knew that she would be serenaded
at sunrise. Papa and the men who lived on the ranch would congregate
below her window, their rich, sweet voices singing Las Mañanitas,
the birthday song. She would run to her window and wave kisses to
Papa and the others, then downstairs she would open her gifts. She
knew there would be a porcelain doll from Papa. He had given her
one every year since she was born. And Mama would give her something
she had made: linens, camisoles or blouses embroidered with her
beautiful needlework. The linens always went into the trunk at the
end of her bed for algún día, for someday.
Esperanza's thumb would not stop bleeding. She picked up the basket
of roses and hurried from the garden, stopping on the patio to rinse
her hand in the stone fountain. As the water soothed her, she looked
through the massive wooden gates that opened onto thousands of acres
of Papa's land.
Esperanza strained her eyes to see a dust cloud that meant riders
were near and that Papa was finally home. But she saw nothing. In
the dusky light, she walked around the courtyard to the back of
the large adobe and wood house. There she found Mama searching the
"Mama, my finger. An angry thorn stabbed me," said Esperanza.
"Bad luck," said Mama, confirming the superstition, but she half-smiled.
They both knew that bad luck could mean nothing more than dropping
a pan of water or breaking an egg.
Mama put her arms around Esperanza's waist and both sets of eyes
swept over the corrals, stables, and servants' quarters that sprawled
in the distance. Esperanza was almost as tall as Mama and everyone
said she would someday look just like her beautiful mother. Sometimes,
when Esperanza twisted her hair on top of her head and looked in
the mirror, she could see that it was almost true. There was the
same black hair, wavy and thick. Same dark lashes and fair, creamy
skin. But it wasn't precisely Mama's face, because Papa's eyes were
there too, shaped like fat, brown almonds.
"He is just a little late," said Mama. And part of Esperanza's
mind believed her. But the other part scolded him.
"Mama, the neighbors warned him just last night about bandits."
Mama nodded and bit the corner of her lip in worry. They both knew
that even though it was 1930 and the revolution in Mexico had been
over for ten years, there was still resentment against the large
"Change has not come fast enough, Esperanza. The wealthy still
own most of the land while some of the poor have not even a garden
plot. There are cattle grazing on the big ranches yet some peasants
are forced to eat cats. Papa is sympathetic and has given land to
many of his workers. The people know that."
"But Mama, do the bandits know that?"
"I hope so," said Mama quietly. "I have already sent Alfonso and
Miguel to look for him. Let's wait inside."
To follow the rest of Esperanza's journey of love, hardship, and
hope, read the book Esperanza Rising by Pam Muñoz