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Four Types of Readers

In your class, you know which students have problems reading. But not all students have the same reading ailments.

Which Type of Reader? Many students in Grades 3, 4, and 5 struggle to read with comprehension to different degrees, and for different reasons. We know you have your own words for levels of reading achievement or for students who require particular kinds of instruction. For convenience, we have sorted students into four common types of readers. To match your students to the instruction they need, first figure out which type of reader they are.

Type 1: Advanced Readers: These students are reading close to or on grade level but could use a boost with vocabulary and strategic reading skills to make reading more meaningful and interesting. With this course, you can help these students become even more advanced.

Type 2: Proficient Readers: These students can decode but have little idea about what they're reading—the "I just don't get it" children. They need help with vocabulary, fluency, and strategic reading skills.

Type 3: Basic Readers: These students may have good listening comprehension. They can decode, but they lack fluency. They are often slow readers and poor spellers and have gaps in their decoding knowledge. They need some decoding instruction and speed drills at the word and passage level.

Type 4: Struggling (Below Basic) Readers: These students have trouble recognizing phonic elements, can't blend sounds and words, and don't understand what they are reading. They need help with phonemic awareness, connecting sounds to symbols, with syllables and morphemes, and language comprehension.

The Four Types of Readers: Pavielle and Matthew have mastered basic phonemic awareness and phonic knowledge. They can use the skills and strategies you will learn in this course to solidify their comprehension and fluency skills and to set new goals for growth. Joyce and Travis will need additional instruction in phonemic and decoding skills while they learn these new comprehension skills and practice fluency.

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