The Six Levels of Thinking

Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives explains that the process of thinking actually involves several levels. Infants and toddlers use mostly the first two levels, but by age 3 children can use all six.

1. Gathering knowledge consists of acquiring basic pieces of information. Asking children to identify and describe objects encourages thinking on this level.

2. Comprehending and confirming involves looking at the meaning of the knowledge that has been gathered and drawing conclusions from it. A good question to encourage this level of thinking might be, for example, "The yellow sponge floats. What about the other sponges?"

3. Applying entails using what has been learned in new situations. Asking children to consider a newly learned fact as they build or make something can foster this level of thinking. 

4. Analyzing involves thinking about a whole in terms of its various parts. You can encourage this level of thinking by asking children what materials could be used for a particular classroom project.

5. Synthesizing consists of putting parts together to form a whole. Asking children how to use an array of materials to create something, for example, invites thinking on this level. 

6. Evaluating entails making comparisons and judgments. You can encourage this level of thinking by asking children which of the materials they used worked the best.To read more about these six levels of thinking, see Taxonomy of Educational Objectives by Benjamin S. Bloom (Longman). 

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    Fantastic Phenomena

    Fantastic Phenomena


    o    Core to science curriculum in relevant grades

    o    Engaging hands-on experiments

    o    Lively text appropriate for grade range

    o    Full-color photos and illustrations throughout

    o    Approximately 10 two-page experiments and one three-page experiment per title

    o    Lists of further reading. Websites, glossary, and index

    o    Meets Reading First funding requirements

    6/1/08 Science Books & Films
    The Experiment with Science series of books has colorful photographs, easy-to-follow text, and clear explanations. However, as with most children's "experiment" books, the experiments are almost all demonstrations. Nearly all of the instructions are cookbooklike, explaining to kids what they should do and then what they will observe. There are a few exceptions, however, including making lenses out of gelatin (pp. 26-28 of Try It with Food!) and relating the size of "moon" craters to the size of an object and the distance it travels (pp. 21-23 of Fantastic Phenomena). In contrast to the other activities, these give the experimenter the chance to change things and observe what happens.

    As a set of demonstrations, this series is clearly and simply written, and the activities are easy enough for a middle or upper elementary school student to carry out independently. The materials, all of which are readily available, are listed clearly, as are the time and degree of mess involved in each activity and need for adult supervision. The explanations of what to expect are well written, simple, and accurate. Photographs clarify the setup of most of the activities.

    These books are appealing and engaging. They will allow children to observe many "scientific" phenomena at work. In general, however, they do not lead kids through the questioning and observation that constitute scientific experimentation.


    $17.50 You save: 30%
    Library Binding | Grades 3-6
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    Fantastic Phenomena
    Grades 3-6 $17.50
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    Knowledge Quest! Read-Aloud Collection: Underwater Life

    Knowledge Quest! Read-Aloud Collection: Underwater Life

    This collection dives underwater to look at the spectacular animal and plant life in freshwater and saltwater habitats around the world.

    Help children succeed in school and in life by reading aloud for 20 minutes a day using these content-rich collections.

    Read the books in sequence to build vocabulary and knowledge around a topic. Each daily read-aloud provides one piece of the puzzle to help children on their knowledge quest to see the big picture!

    Choose recommended activities from the guidebook to suit your schedule and needs. Every guidebook provides:

    • Summary of prior knowledge
    • Content objectives
    • Vocabulary lists
    • Read-aloud guides
    • Activities that target Common Core
    • Supplemental book list
    • Reward certificate
    • List of collections for upcoming grades

    Knowledge Quest! helps you make learning fun, accelerate a child's vocabulary growth, and build skills that meet national standards. For complete information about this program, visit:

    Book Collection | Grades 1-2
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    Knowledge Quest! Read-Aloud Collection: Underwater Life
    Grades 1-2 $79.00
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