Source
Grolier Online
Discover the content connection—the definitive, fully integrated database collection and online research portal. It includes seven encyclopedia databases: Encyclopedia America, Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, The New Book of Knowledge, La Nueva Enciclopedia Cumbre, America the Beautiful, Lands and Peoples, and The New Book of Popular Science.

Sui and Tang Dynasties

Although the Han had been destroyed, the ideal of a centralized empire had never disappeared; it was left to the shortlived, native Chinese dynasty, the Sui (581–618), to fulfill that ideal. But the labor and tax burden of the Sui public works projects — such as the reconstruction of the Great Wall and the fashioning of a Grand Canal> linking the northern capital region with the newly rich agricultural centers of the Yangtze River valley — compounded by ruinous military campaigns against northern Korea, generated popular rebellion and led to the speedy demise of the dynasty.

Yet the Sui laid the foundations for another glorious age, that of the Tang (T'ang; 618–906), which at its height controlled a pan-Asian empire stretching from Korea to the borders of Persia. Chang'an (Ch'ang-an) — now known as Xi'an — the Tang capital and the greatest city in all Asia, numbering 1 million inside its walls and another 1 million in the suburbs, welcomed tribute envoys, merchants, and devotees of religions from all parts of Asia and farther west. Not only was this the greatest period of Buddhism in Chinese history, but Islam, Manichaeism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Nestorian Christianity (see Nestorian church) all entered China.

At the same time, with the advent of a recentralized empire, the fortunes of Confucianism rose: the civil service examinations reintroduced by the Sui were significantly expanded, and during the reign of Taizong (T'ai-tsung; 627–49), a wide range of Confucian scholarly projects was undertaken under imperial sponsorship. Tang power and prestige reached a zenith during the reign of Tang Xuanzong (T'ang Hsuan-tsung; 712–56). Chinese lyric poetry reached a high point, and the world's first printed book was produced.

Eventually, however, military victories gave way to defeat, notably at the hands of the Arabs in 751; and in 755 the revolt of An Lushan (An Lu-shan), a semibarbarian general in the Tang employ, transferred considerable power from the central government to military governors in the provinces, dealing the dynasty a blow from which it never fully recovered. The persecution (841–45) of Buddhists was largely an effort to return revenues from tax-free temple lands to the state.

 

Copyright © 2006 Grolier Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

  • Teacher Store
  • The Teacher Store  
    Wicked History: Cixi, Evil Empress of China - Activity Sheet

    Wicked History: Cixi, Evil Empress of China - Activity Sheet

    by Sean Stewart Price

    Scholastic’s downloadable worksheets for students offer a varied selection of tasks that require reading for meaning through many fun and strategic activities. The rich content of our title-specific blackline masters incorporates writing exercises, graphic organizers, deductive reasoning, critical thinking, vocabulary development, and much, much more. Through innovative exercises, students will enjoy a range of activities that require them to engage in post-reading reflections that include but are not limited to understanding character development, imagining new endings, connecting with text-based information, plus a focus on important age-appropriate reading strategies such as summarizing, comparing/contrasting, problem solving, synthesizing, determining cause and effect and many others. From phonics to fluency, the Scholastic downloadable worksheets offer meaningful engagement for students in grades K-12. Now available for a special selection of our most popular fiction and nonfiction paperbacks. Perfect for a learning center activity, skill reinforcement, take-home, informal self-assessment, and monitoring independent reading.

    $2.95
    Worksheet | Grades 6-12
    Add To Cart
    Educators Only
    Wicked History: Cixi, Evil Empress of China - Activity Sheet
    Grades 6-12 $2.95
    Add To Cart
  • Teacher Store
  • The Teacher Store  
    The History of Emigration from China & Southeast Asia

    The History of Emigration from China & Southeast Asia

    by Katherine Prior

    Presents a history of emigration from China and Southeast Asia while also detailing accounts of the migrants' experiences and emphasizing their positive input in their new countries; includes photographs, maps, a timeline, and an index.

    $3.71 You save: 25%
    Paperback Book | Grade 6
    Add To Cart
    Educators Only
    The History of Emigration from China & Southeast Asia
    Grade 6 $3.71
    Add To Cart
Help | Privacy Policy
EMAIL THIS

* YOUR NAME

* YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS

* RECIPIENT'S EMAIL ADDRESS(ES)

(Separate multiple email addresses with commas)

Check this box to send yourself a copy of the email.

INCLUDE A PERSONAL MESSAGE (Optional)


Scholastic respects your privacy. We do not retain or distribute lists of email addresses.