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Mexico: Major Cities and States

Mexico City is Mexico's capital and largest city and one of the world's major cities. See the article on Mexico City.

Guadalajara, Mexico's second largest city and the capital of Jalisco state, is a major industrial and commercial city, a popular tourist center, and a hub of transportation. Monterrey, the capital of Nuevo León state, is an important industrial center and the chief city of northern Mexico. Puebla (Puebla de Zaragoza), the capital of Puebla state, once known primarily for its textiles, now produces automobiles, petrochemicals, and iron and steel. The city is also famed for its many churches.

León is an industrial city of central Mexico and the heart of the country's shoe production. Ciudad Juárez, situated on the Rio Grande, and Tijuana, in northern Baja California, are both commercial cities with large tourist industries. Mexicali, is the capital of the state of Baja California Norte. Acapulco, a famed resort city, is situated on the Pacific coast of southern Mexico. Veracruz is Mexico's chief port on the Gulf of Mexico. Government

Mexico is a federal republic composed of 31 states and the Federal District of Mexico City. The government is based on the Constitution of 1917. The head of state and government is the president, who is elected for a single 6-year term. The legislative body is the Congress, made up of the Senate, whose members are elected for six years, and the Chamber of Deputies, which is elected for three years. The third branch of government is the judiciary, or court system. The federal judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court, whose members are appointed by the president, subject to approval by the Senate.

Each state government has its own elected governor and legislature. The state governments have authority over local matters.


Mexican States

State Capital
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
Baja California Mexicali
Baja California Sur La Paz
Campeche Campeche
Coahuila Saltillo
Colima Colima
Chiapas Tuxtla Gutiérrez
Chihuahua Chihuahua
Durango Victoria de Durango
Guanajuato Guanajuato
Guerrero Chilpancingo
Hidalgo Pachuca de Soto
Jalisco Guadalajara
México Toluca de Lerdo
Michoacán Morelia
Morelos Cuernavaca
Nayarit Tepic
Nuevo Léon Monterrey
Oaxaca Oaxaca de Juárez
Puebla Puebla de Zaragoza
Querétaro Querétaro
Quintana Roo Chetumal
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
Sinaloa Culiacán Rosales
Sonora Hermosillo
Tabasco Villahermosa
Tamaulipas Ciudad Victoria
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala
Veracruz Jalapa Enríquez
Yucatán Mérida
Zacatecas Zacatecas

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    Look What Came from Mexico

    Look What Came from Mexico

    Each book in this elementary-level series explores, in a very simple fashion, the foods, words, inventions, toys, games and sports, religion, music, and crafts that a specific country has contributed to the world.

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    New Mexico (Revised Edition)

    New Mexico (Revised Edition)

    by Michael Burgan

    Located along the Mexican border in the southwestern United States, New Mexico is home to some of the country's largest Hispanic and Native American populations. Readers will explore the history and culture of this diverse state, from its settlement by Native Americans thousands of years ago to its important position within the United States today.
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