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Constitution Day Quiz Part 2

DIRECTIONS:  Use the knowledge gained in Lesson 2, as well as a copy of the Constitution, to answer the following questions.

Out of the following questions, which do you think would be the most important to ask when interviewing a possible juror?
  1. "Have you read anything about the laws we'll be discussing in the court?"
  2. "Have you gone to law school?"
  3. "Have you had a personal or business relationship with the plaintiff?"
  4. "Did you get to the courtroom on time today?"
Which of the following is NOT a requirement to serve on a jury in the United States?
  1. The person must be 18 years of age or older.
  2. The person must have previous juror experience.
  3. The person must be an American citizen.
  4. The person must be able to read and understand English.
Why do you think it's important that the delegates at the Constitutional Convention made sure that a jury system was developed in the U.S. Constitution?
  1. To make sure that all persons who are accused of a crime are proven innocent or guilty "beyond reasonable doubt."
  2. Serving on a jury allows a U.S. citizen to directly become involved in the democratic system.
  3. The colonists were often denied the right to trial by jury.
  4. All of the above.
In what document's "list of grievances" was there an early mention of a jury system?
  1. The Constitution
  2. The Boy Scouts of America Credo
  3. The Declaration of Independence
  4. Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address
How did the Sixth Amendment strengthen the jury system?
  1. Before the Sixth Amendment, a judge's salary could be lowered at any time based on performance.
  2. The Sixth Amendment made it possible for federal courts to have authority over all laws written under the Constitution.
  3. The accused were informed of all charges brought against them according to the Sixth Amendment.
  4. All of the above.
Why do you think it's important for a potential juror to be interviewed before a case?
  1. Interviewing potential jurors is a step towarding preventing bias in the jury's decision.
  2. A potential juror should be interviewed so that the lawyers can become acquainted with possible members of the jury.
  3. It is important for a lawyer to understand the career background of a potential juror before deciding that he or she is fit to serve on a jury.
  4. A potential juror should be questioned before a case in order for the lawyers to determine where he or she attended college.
Why are juries sequestered?
  1. Televised news reports might sway a juror in making a decision that should only be determined in a courtroom.
  2. Opinion-based editorials in a newspaper or magazine might introduce an imbalanced perspective of a case and exert influence over a juror.
  3. Discussing the case with anyone outside the proceedings might influence a juror's deliberation of the verdict.
  4. All of the above.
A civil case takes place when a person or corporation sues another person or corporation for an award of monetary damages. Which of the following is a significant difference between criminal and civil cases?
  1. There isn't a judge presiding over criminal case proceedings.
  2. A defendant in a civil case is never incarcerated and never executed.
  3. All eleven jurors in the U.S. criminal case must find the defendant guilty to enter a guilty verdict.
  4. There aren't many varieties of civil lawsuits.
Why would a jury submit a "Not Guilty" verdict if they were, in fact, convinced that a defendant violated the law?
  1. The defendant appears extraordinarily apologetic for his or her violation.
  2. The jury wishes to bring the actual law into question.
  3. All the witnesses offer fairly convincing testimony.
  4. The jury decides that the proceedings have gone on long enough.
If a defendant is acquitted in a criminal case, the jury____________.
  1. has decided to quit midway through the proceedings.
  2. has found him or her guilty of the accused crime(s).
  3. has determined that the case has not been proven beyond reasonable doubt.
  4. is undecided, and the accused may be tried again for the same offense.
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