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Supporters of Egypt's former President protest his removal from office at a rally near Cairo. (Nasser Shiyoukhi / AP Images)

Egypt: What's Next?

Deadly clashes erupt after the country’s President is forced out of power

By Laura Leigh Davidson | July 8 , 2013
<br />Unemployment has nearly tripled since 2011, a year before President Morsi took office in 2012.<br /><br />(Maya Alleruzzo / AP Images)<br />

Unemployment has nearly tripled since 2011, a year before President Morsi took office in 2012.

(Maya Alleruzzo / AP Images)

In the five days since President Mohamed Morsi was removed from power in Egypt, violent clashes have killed at least 50 people in Cairo, the country's capital.

Morsi was pushed out of power on July 3 by the Egyptian military. The military acted after millions of people across the country had marched in four days of mass protests against the President. Morsi, the first Egyptian President to be elected democratically, was voted into power in 2012.

More than 1,000 people were injured in street fights over the weekend and into Monday morning. The violence erupted between those who want Morsi back in power and those who called for him to go.

DEMANDING CHANGE

Those who were against Morsi's leadership are hoping that a new government might be able to solve the serious problems facing Egypt.

The biggest concern for most people there is the economy (the wealth and resources of a country). According to the Egyptian government, about half of the country's people are living in poverty. Around 25 percent of Egypt's 85 million citizens are currently unemployed. That's up from 9 percent in 2011, the year before Morsi took office.

One Egyptian citizen, Hoda Goma, told The Guardian, a newspaper based in the U.K., that she can't feed her two 8-year-old sons like she used to because she can't afford the high price of food. "They're getting worse at school," she said of her boys. "They're getting ill more often."

The people of Egypt are also divided on the role of religion in their country's laws. Morsi is a member of a political group called the Muslim Brotherhood. The Muslim Brotherhood believes the rules of their religion—Sunni Islam—should be a major influence in the laws that govern Egypt. Many of the millions who have been demonstrating against Morsi have asked for a more secular, or less religious, government.

CLASHES CONTINUE

As fierce fighting continues in Cairo, the Egyptian military has named temporary leaders to help run the government. More than 22 million people have signed a petition demanding elections for a new President to replace Morsi. The petition also asks the government to address the problems facing the country.

But Morsi's supporters are not backing down. They want him to be returned to power. The Muslim Brotherhood says the removal of Morsi is an attack on Egypt's young democracy, especially since Morsi was the first democratically elected President in the nation's history.

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