Scholastic Kids Press Corps
The Scholastic Kids Press Corps is a team of about 50 Kid Reporters around the nation.  The interactive site brings daily news to life with reporting for kids, by kids.
new jersey after sandy Aerial footage of Hurricane Sandy damage five months after the storm. Taken from a miniature Quadcopter along the coast of Mantoloking, New Jersey. (Photo: Wendell A. Davis Jr./FEMA)

Rethinking the Jersey Shore

As sea levels rise, destructive storms like Sandy could become more common

By Amiri Tulloch | April 17 , 2013

When Superstorm Sandy made landfall in October, one of the hardest hit areas was the New Jersey coast. And the area is still recovering.

"There are certain towns in lower Ocean County that you would think got hit last week," says Bob Hilton, Executive Director at the Jersey Shore Convention and Visitors Bureau.

Hilton has been faced with the tough task of trying to revive the damaged shore. It isn't an easy job. Hilton says that the biggest challenge is letting visitors know that the shore is actually open. He says that there are more than 6,700 businesses in Monmouth and Ocean County ready for consumers.

Hilton is getting the word out that the Jersey shore is ready for visitors. But Jersey faces a bigger, more difficult problem.

Climate change.

Kenneth Miller is a professor in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Rutgers University in New Jersey. Miller says that no storms, including Sandy, can be directly attributed to climate change. But he adds that climate change does produce more intense storms than normal.

"Basically, storms on steroids," Miller says.

Jeffrey Kirkland is a student studying atmospheric chemistry at Rutgers University. He explains that the environment has developed mechanisms to cycle a normal amount of carbon. But so much energy has been used that the environment doesn't know what to do and the carbon remains in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. While carbon dioxide can absorb heat from the sun, it also traps heat from the Earth.

That explains global warming: Heat is trapped and kept inside Earth's atmosphere. This causes ice glaciers to melt, resulting in rising sea levels.

According to Ken Miller, global sea level rise is about three millimeters per year. This may not seem like a lot. But Miller adds that some regions are physically sinking, too. So in the Gulf Coast, the sea level has risen roughly half an inch per year. Mid-Atlantic states like New Jersey have seen sea levels rise about four to five milliliters per year.

When Sandy hit, many people thought it could be a once-in-100-years storm or a bad sign for the American and global weather patterns. But because of rising temperatures and rising sea levels, many scientists believe the latter.

"By, let's say, [the year] 2050, a storm that has a flooding power of once-in-100-years [storm] would be coming more like once every 10 years because the sea levels got much higher," Miller says. "By 2100, that ‘100-year-storm' would be coming once every five years."

One of the reasons Sandy was so destructive was because of how things were built on the shore.

"We built a lot of homes and structures on sediments that should have been washed away and replenished over time," Kirkland explains. "If we didn't build on those sediments, maybe there would have been less destruction."

What does this means for a place like New Jersey? Residents will need to rethink how they live on coastal areas – especially because storms like Sandy are likely to become more and more common.

"As the storms continue to come in, and they come in more frequently, I think that – from a government advocacy situation – we need to take a look at how we build on the waterfront, which is a large process," Hilton says.

How do you celebrate Earth Day? Let us know on the Scholastic News Kids Press Corps Blog!


Celebrate Earth Day and the fight to keep our planet clean on April 22. Scholastic Kid Reporters explore ways to make every day Earth Day in the Earth Day 2013 Special Report.

Find out how kids across the country are helping the Hurricane Sandy relief effort — and catch up with the Kid Reporters' on-the-ground reporting during the storm — in the Hurricane Sandy Recovery Special Report.


Get the latest on national and international events, movies, television, music, sports, and more from the Scholastic News Kids Press Corps.

  • Teacher Store
  • The Teacher Store  
    The Great Kapok Tree - Literacy Fun Pack Express

    The Great Kapok Tree - Literacy Fun Pack Express

    Scholastic After School Literacy Fun Packs Express pair five copies of one of our engaging nonfiction or fiction titles with a one-hour lesson plan – perfect for after school or out-of-school time. The lessons are simple to implement and require little to no preparation time. Perfect for small group read-alouds and aligned to Common Core State Standards, our Literacy Fun Packs Express provide discussion questions, reading tips, and a variety of hands-on activities to promote additional student inquiry.

    Through simple text and lavish illustrations, readers learn facts about the rain forest and the animals that live there. A "breathtakingly beautiful picture book."—Publishers Weekly

    Set Includes:
    • The Great Kapok Tree (Cherry)
    • The Great Kapok Tree (After School Teaching Card)

    Click here to learn more about Afterschool Learning.

    $19.99 You save: 20%
    Paperback Book Collection | Grades 3-5
    Add To Cart
    Educators Only
    The Great Kapok Tree - Literacy Fun Pack Express
    Grades 3-5 $19.99
    Add To Cart
  • Teacher Store
  • The Teacher Store  
    First Books—Earth & Sky Science: A Grand Canyon Journey

    First Books—Earth & Sky Science: A Grand Canyon Journey

    by Peter Anderson

    Take a look into the Grand Canyon. You'll travel deep into the canyon and learn about the history of this wonder. This book explains how it was formed, describes the people who lived there, tells how scientists unlocked its secrets, and includes beautiful photographs.

    $5.21 You save: 25%
    Paperback Book | Grade 6
    Add To Cart
    Educators Only
    First Books—Earth & Sky Science: A Grand Canyon Journey
    Grade 6 $5.21
    Add To Cart
Privacy Policy




Here's something interesting from