Scholastic News Online

Scholastic News Online is a free resource with breaking news and highlights from the print magazine.

Available for grades 1-6, Scholastic News magazine brings high-interest current events and nonfiction to millions of classrooms each week.

Additionally, our subscribers have FREE access to Scholastic News Interactive, an exclusive online learning tool featuring digital editions, videos, interactive features, differentiated articles, and much more.

Spearheads from Paisley cave The artifacts found in Oregon’s Paisley Caves date back 14,000 years. (University of Oregon, Jim Barlow / AP Images)

Who Were the First Americans?

Spearheads recently found in Oregon may have been made by some of America’s earliest settlers

By Sara Goudarzi | September 18 , 2012

Archaeologists have discovered that humans may have lived in the Americas earlier than once thought. Weapons and other items that date back 14,000 years were recently found deep inside Oregon’s Paisley Caves.

Until recently, many archaeologists thought that the Clovis people were the first Americans. These ancient mammoth-hunters are thought to have entered what is now Alaska about 13,000 years ago, via land bridges connecting Asia with North America. They then spread south throughout the continent. These hunters are known to archaeologists for the specific shape of their spearheads (sharpened rocks attached to spears), which were first discovered near Clovis, New Mexico, in the 1920s and 1930s.

But new evidence is making many scientists question the Clovis theory. The spearheads left behind in the Paisley Caves were not made in the specific style used by the Clovis people. The spearheads found in Oregon are known as Western Stemmed, and are similar to weapons found in northeastern Asia.

“These two approaches to making projectile points were really quite different,” says Loren Davis, a researcher from Oregon State University. “The fact that Western Stemmed point makers fully overlap, or even predate, Clovis point makers likely means that Clovis peoples were not the sole founding population of the Americas.”

In addition to the spears, researchers analyzed artifacts and bones found in the layers of earth nearby. Through radiocarbon dating—or analyzing the carbon molecules in these materials to determine their age—scientists found that some of the items date back 14,150 years.

Says Eske Willerslev, a biologist at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, “The dissimilar stone artifacts . . . show that humans were present before Clovis and that another culture in North America was at least as old as the Clovis culture itself.”

  • Teacher Store
  • The Teacher Store  
    Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass

    by Josh Gregory

    Born into slavery, Frederick Douglass knew from an early age that all people deserved freedom. Readers will discover Douglass’s amazing story, from how he secretly educated himself and taught fellow slaves how to read to how he escaped to freedom and became one of the nation’s most persuasive voices for abolition.

    Paperback Book | Grades 3-5
    Add To Cart
    Educators Only
    Frederick Douglass
    Grades 3-5 $6.95
    Add To Cart
  • Teacher Store
  • The Teacher Store  
    Guided Reading Content Areas 2nd Edition Level A

    Guided Reading Content Areas 2nd Edition Level A

    Available April 2016!

    NEW! Guided Reading Content Areas 2nd Edition will propel students into 21st century college & career success with new books and research-based instruction! Content Areas instruction is boosted with not only the latest in social studies books, but also essential STEAM knowledge students need to be engaged and successful in our ever changing world. With access to authentic informational text and books about careers at every level, students will acquire diverse content areas knowledge as they move through increasingly complex texts!

    What’s NEW?
    -Revised Teaching Guide brimming with research-based instruction including:
    -Including Content Area Informational Text in Primary Classrooms
    -Guided Reading in the Content Areas & Activating Background Knowledge
    -Text Dependent Questions
    -New authentic texts with titles on science, technology, engineering, arts, technology, and 21st century careers
    -New teaching cards for every title
    -More nonfiction than ever: 80% Nonfiction & 20% Fiction

    Signature Scholastic Guided Reading Features:
    -No title overlap with other Guided Reading programs
    -60 Trade Books per level (10 titles, 6 copies each)
    -Teacher’s Guide in every level
    -10 Teaching Cards with instructional suggestions for each title
    -Leveling Stickers
    -Attractive Storage Bins

    Visit the Scholastic Guided Reading Program website for more information.

    $399.95 You save: 25%
    Paperback Book Collection | Grades K-1
    Add To Cart
    Educators Only
    Guided Reading Content Areas 2nd Edition Level A
    Grades K-1 $399.95
    Add To Cart
Privacy Policy




Here's something interesting from