All About Diabetes

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What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease that comes in two forms. Type-1 diabetes is when the body is not able to make insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches, and other food into energy. Without insulin, a person’s blood-sugar level can rise to dangerous levels that can jeopardize a person’s health. Type-2 diabetes is when the body resists insulin or doesn’t produce enough of it.

Who gets diabetes? Only 5 to 10 percent of those with diabetes have type-1 diabetes. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. In the United States, 24 million people have type 2 diabetes. Overall, less than 1 percent of people younger than 20 have diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association.

Can diabetes be cured? There is no cure, but the disease can be managed through medication and proper diet. Exercising is important too as studies have shown that people who are overweight or do little exercise are at a high risk of developing type-2 diabetes.

How is diabetes treated? Diabetics need insulin to keep their blood-sugar levels at a healthy level. The traditional way of getting insulin into the body is by injection. Young diabetics are injected by their parents, but as they get older and more experienced dealing with the injections, diabetics learn how to inject themselves properly. The latest technology allows diabetics to get insulin via an insulin pump. The pump is attached to the body and is programmed to inject insulin into the body as needed. The pump is precisely in determining how much insulin a diabetic’s body needs.

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