Lesson 1: It's About Us
ELL Grades 5-6
Strand: About the Census
Skills and Objectives
- Understand how and why the decennial census is conducted
- Build civics vocabulary
- Recognize how privacy, confidentiality, and citizenship affect the census
Time Required: Two 40-minute class periods
Before starting, copy the student worksheets, including the Picture Cards.
Explain: People need many things. Display the Picture Card for hospital. This is a hospital. Why do we need hospitals? Provide this oral sentence frame: We need a hospital because ________________. Repeat with the Picture Cards for fire station, police station, and school.
Explain that every 10 years the U.S. government counts the number of people who live in this country. This count is called a census. When the government and local businesses know how many people live in a particular town or city, it is easier to figure out what each town or city needs.
Ask: What would happen if a town had many kids? What would happen if a town had few kids? Let’s find out.
Separate students into two equal groups. Define many and few using crayons, chalk, paper clips, or other classroom objects.
Give one group (Group A) a sheet of drawing paper that says KIDS. Give the other group (Group B) a sheet of drawing paper that says ADULTS.
Explain to Group A: You are kids. Draw what a town with many kids would need.
Explain to Group B: I am an adult. Draw what a town with many adults would need.
Provide time for groups to draw and discuss. Provide corrective feedback, if necessary. Then ask each group to share their drawings with the entire class.
Ask: What is different about the two drawings? Why are they different?
Explain: The census counts all of the people who live in each town in this country. This is how we know what a town needs.
Guide students in recognizing that all people need to be counted so towns will get all the things they need; the town will not have enough hospitals, fire stations, and other things it needs if everyone is not counted.
Ask: How do you think the government counts everyone? (A census form with about 10 questions is mailed to each home in the country. Sometimes census workers visit homes and ask the questions in person.)
Demonstrate counting. Tell students to write down one question they would like to ask their classmates. Separate students into groups of four. Instruct groups to ask each other their questions. Students should keep track of the answers.
Discuss the experience. Ask: Did the answers surprise you? What would happen if someone in your group was missing? Stress the importance of all people being counted during the census.
Explain that all adults and children who live in the home must be counted, even someone who lives in the home but is not part of the family. Point out that family members who do not live in the home are not counted on this census form. Ask students to give examples. Allow students to draw their responses on the board (i.e., college student, soldier).
Distribute copies of Who Do We Count? Student Worksheet 1a. Read the page aloud and make certain students understand the words college and soldier. If they do not, use the illustrations from the worksheet to reinforce understanding.
Separate students into small g
Using the Student Worksheets