LESSON 2: Values and Barriers
REPRODUCIBLE 2: "Values and Barriers"
ADDITIONAL TOOLS: Follow the printable Additional Tools document to support and enrich the lesson. This document features:
- Suggested answers to lesson discussion questions
- Academic and domain-specific vocabulary lists
- Writing prompts
- Paired-text reading suggestions
- A Grades 4–8 Common Core State Standards chart
ADDITIONAL MATERIALS: Classroom Poster
TIME REQUIRED: 45 minutes
LESSON OBJECTIVE: Through reading and class discussion, students will understand what values are and how they are important in facing barriers.
Lesson Prep: Prepare for the lesson by making copies of the Student Printable and Additional Tools document.
- Start the class by asking students what the word values means. Guide them to define values as: beliefs that are important to you and that help to guide your life.
- Display the classroom poster. Ask students to discuss with a partner the meaning of the quote, “A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.” Then ask various groups to share their answers.
- Divide the class into nine small groups and distribute Reproducible 2: “Values and Barriers” to each group. Assign each group one of the values from the “Values and Barriers” handout. Have students discuss their assigned value, drawing on the text and making inferences from it to respond to these questions:
- Explain the meaning of your assigned value in your own words.
- Why is this an important value for people to have?
- How could this value help people face and overcome a barrier? Provide an example.
- Discuss the concept of character which can be defined as features and traits of an individual that reflect the sort of person he or she is. How do values reflect a person’s character? How do a person’s actions display his or her values and character? What does it mean when a person is described as having “strength of character”?
- Have students research and discuss contemporary examples of individuals who have broken barriers, and values that they relied upon in facing barriers. (Examples might include Sonia Sotomayor, Malala Yousafzai, or someone in their local community.)
- Encourage students to conduct interviews with family and friends to discuss any barriers they have faced, as well as values they have called upon to overcome these barriers.
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES:Mini-Poster: "Jackie Robinson's Nine Values": Download this printable featuring Jackie Robinson's Nine Values.
Essay Contest: "Breaking Barriers Essay Contest": Encourage students to write essays about barriers they have faced in their own lives, and how they have used Jackie Robinson's values to face those barriers.
Supplemental Lesson: “History of the Negro Leagues”: Use this lesson to build student understanding of important milestones in the history of the Negro Leagues.